Bibliography on tyra banks

Who is Tyra Banks? Everything You Need to Know

Tyra Banks is an American former supermodel, actor, author, producer, entrepreneur, and television personality. Check out this biography to know about her childhood, family life, achievements and fun facts about her.

Tyra Banks


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Tyra Banks is an American former supermodel, actor, author, producer, entrepreneur, and television personality. She is best known for creating, producing and presenting the long-running reality television series 'America's Next Top Model'. She also created and hosted the twice Emmy winning daytime talk-show, 'The Tyra Banks Show', for five years. Banks, who gained recognition as a supermodel, originally wanted to be a writer or producer working in the film industry. Being teased by her older brother as well as her peers for her disproportionate body shape and dark skin color, she hardly ever imagined modeling as a career option until she was encouraged by a classmate and became aware of her potential. Despite initial discouragement from professionals, she eventually bagged a high profile modeling assignment after a French scout spotted her. She went on to model for every leading clothing line and was featured on the covers of prestigious magazines like 'GQ' and 'Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue' as the first black woman. Over the years, she has dabbled at everything from writing, singing, acting, to teaching. However, it is her genuine personality, rather than her outward beauty, that helped her make into 'TIME' magazine's list of most influential people.

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Tyra Banks

Childhood & Early Life

  • Tyra Lynne Banks was born on December 4, 1973, in Inglewood, California, to Carolyn London and Donald Banks. Her mother was a medical photographer, while her father worked as a computer consultant.
  • She is the second child of her parents and has a five years older brother, Devin. Her parents divorced when she was six years old, following which she and her brother lived with her mother on weekdays and visited her father on weekends.
  • She initially attended John Burroughs Middle School and later got into Immaculate Heart High School in Los Angeles, from which she graduated in 1991. Around the time she was 11, she faced body-shaming after a sudden growth spurt made her tall and skinny.
  • Tyra Banks, who was good enough to be selected into all major universities she applied for, chose Loyola Marymount University for film studies. However, she moved to Paris even before starting college, after a French modeling agent selected her for the upcoming Paris fashion week.

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Modeling Career

  • Tyra Banks started her modeling career at the age of 15, while she was still in school. After being rejected by four modeling agencies, she was signed to L.A. Models.
  • In 1990, she bagged a contract with Elite Model Management, following which she was offered the opportunity to model in Europe and subsequently moved to Milan. The next year, she achieved the remarkable feat of booking 25 runway shows as a newcomer in the 1991 Paris Fashion Week.
  • Reluctant to follow a strict diet to stay skinny as required by the industry, she decided to return to the USA in the mid 1990s to pursue a career in swimwear and lingerie modeling. In 1993, she became the first African-American model to sign a contract with CoverGirl cosmetics.
  • 'People' magazine named her one of '50 Most Beautiful People in the World' in 1994. As the first African-American model, she featured on the covers of 'GQ' magazine in 1996 and the 'Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue' in 1997.
  • In 1997, she became a Victoria's Secret Angel and was featured in Victoria's Secret lingerie catalogue as the first black woman. The same year, she was named 'Supermodel of the Year' by VH1. She subsequently left modeling to focus on other career choices, but re-signed to her former modeling agency IMG Models in 2010.
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Television & Film Career

  • Tyra Banks debuted on television in 1993, appearing alongside Will Smith on the fourth season of 'The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air'. She continued to appear on various television shows such as 'New York Undercover' (1997), 'Just Shoot Me!' (1999), 'MADtv' (2000), 'Felicity' (2000), and 'Soul Food' (2001).
  • In 1995, she debuted on the big screen with the movie 'Higher Learning'. After a few smaller roles in movies like 'Love Stinks' and 'Love & Basketball', she bagged the major role of Eve in the Disney Channel telefilm 'Life-Size' in 2000. The same year, she appeared as Zoe in the commercially successful movie 'Coyote Ugly'.

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  • She soon founded her own production company, 'Bankable Productions', through which she created and executive produced the reality television series 'America's Next Top Model' in 2003. She hosted the show herself in the first 22 seasons, till 2015, and later returned as a host in the 24th season in 2017.
  • In 2005, she created her own talk show, 'The Tyra Banks Show', which focused on issues faced by young women. The show, which won two back-to-back Daytime Emmy awards, ran for five seasons.
  • She co-created the show 'True Beauty' with actor Ashton Kutcher in 2009. She went on to appear on many TV series like 'Gossip Girl' (2009), 'Shake It Up' (2012-13), 'Glee' (2013) and 'Blackish' (2015-16), and co-hosted the show 'FABLife' for two months in 2015.
  • She is scheduled to replace Nick Cannon as the main host of 'America's Got Talent' in 2017.
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Other Ventures

  • Tyra Banks sang the single 'Be a Star' from the soundtrack of her 2000 movie 'Life-Size'. In 2004, she formally debuted as a singer by introducing her first single 'Shake Ya Body' on 'America's Next Top Model'. She also recorded the single 'K.O.B.E.' with NBA player Kobe Bryant.
  • She tried her hand at writing for the first time in 1998 when she co-authored the book 'Tyra's Beauty, Inside and Out'. Over a decade later, she chronicled her experience as a model in the novel 'Modelland', which ranked No.1 on 'The New York Times Best Seller' list in October 2011.
  • In 2012, she earned a certificate from Harvard Business School, attending a nine-week Owner/President Management Program, and founded the cosmetics brand 'Tyra Beauty' in 2014. The next year, she opened the interactive cosmetic e-commerce site ''.

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Major Works

  • 'America's Next Top Model' is by far Tyra Banks' most successful venture so far. The show has been running for 15 years and has been rated the No.1 show on The CW network multiple times.

Awards & Achievements

  • Tyra Banks won the 'Teen Choice Award' in the category 'Choice TV: Personality' twice in 2007 and 2008. Her talk show won two 'Daytime Emmy Awards' for 'Outstanding Talk Show/Informative' in 2008 and 2009.
  • She is one of four African-American women to appear on the list of the most influential people by TIME magazine.

Personal Life & Legacy

  • Tyra Banks has been linked with many celebrities in the past, including director John Singleton and basketball player Chris Webber. While she avoids discussing her private issues publicly, she revealed in 2005 that she has experienced emotional abuse earlier.
  • She started dating Norwegian photographer Erik Asla in 2013. Banks, who had trouble conceiving, gave birth to son York Banks Asla through a surrogate mother in January 2016.


  • In February 2007, Tyra Banks was fat-shamed after some of her pictures in bathing suit were published on tabloid magazines. She unabashedly flaunted the same swimsuits on her show, earning accolades from critics as well as her audience.
love-basketball-3611.jpg_Sport, Drama, Romance_2000

Love & Basketball (2000)

higher-learning-3610.jpg_Romance, Crime, Sport, Drama, Thriller_1995

Higher Learning (1995)


Love Stinks (1999)

coyote-ugly-3606.jpg_Drama, Romance, Music, Comedy_2000

Coyote Ugly (2000)

halloween-resurrection-3607.jpg_Thriller, Horror, Comedy_2002

Halloween: Resurrection (2002)

1. Love & Basketball (2000)

(Sport, Drama, Romance)

2. Higher Learning (1995)

(Romance, Crime, Sport, Drama, Thriller)

3. Love Stinks (1999)


4. Coyote Ugly (2000)

(Drama, Romance, Music, Comedy)

5. Halloween: Resurrection (2002)

(Thriller, Horror, Comedy)

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Article Title

- Tyra Banks Biography


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Last Updated

- June 19, 2017

bibliography on tyra banks
Tyra Banks
Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen Tyra Banks (2012)

Tyra Lynne Banks (* 4. Dezember 1973 in Inglewood, Kalifornien) ist ein US-amerikanisches Model, Schauspielerin, Sangerin und Talkshowmoderatorin.

Im Jahr 1997 gewann sie den Michael Award als bestes Supermodel des Jahres (Supermodel of the Year). Tyra Banks gehort zu den prominentesten Models der USA. Das People Magazine wahlte sie 1994 und 1996 unter die 50 schonsten Menschen der Welt.


Als Kind besuchte sie die Immaculate Heart High School in Los Angeles, Kalifornien. 1991 wurde sie mit siebzehn Jahren von der Modelagentur Elite entdeckt. Sie brach die Schule ab und zog nach Paris.

Am 27. Januar 2016 wurden Banks und ihr Freund Erik Asla Eltern eines Sohnes, welcher von einer Leihmutter ausgetragen wurde.[1]


Bereits in den ersten Wochen des Aufenthalts in Paris wurden viele Designer auf Banks aufmerksam. Sie wurde fur 25 Shows gebucht und halt somit den Rekord fur Neueinsteiger. Tyra Banks arbeitete unter anderem bereits fur die Gro?en wie Dior, Dolce & Gabbana und Tommy Hilfiger, aber bekannt ist sie vor allem als Victorias-Secret-Engel. Von den Grundern Victorias Secrets wurde sie sogar als das beste Model bezeichnet. Au?erdem hatte Banks die Ehre, als erste Afroamerikanerin die Titelbilder von Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue und GQ zu zieren. 2005 zog sie sich aus dem Modelgeschaft zuruck.


Tyra Banks (2011)

Bankable Productions

Vor ihrer Modelkarriere wurde Tyra Banks von funf verschiedenen Colleges angenommen, um Film- und Fernsehproduktion zu studieren, doch sie entschied sich zunachst fur eine Karriere auf dem Laufsteg. 2004 grundete sie ihre eigene Firma Bankable Productions. Das erste Projekt Americas Next Top Model ist sehr erfolgreich. 2014 wurde bereits die 21. Staffel ausgestrahlt. Banks ist sowohl Produzentin als auch Jurymitglied der Reality-TV-Show.

Banks versuchte sich auch als Sangerin und nahm den Song Shake Ya Body auf, der von Rodney Jerkins produziert wurde. Das dazugehorige Musikvideo zeigt die letzten sechs Kandidatinnen der zweiten Staffel von Americas Next Top Model. Die Single wurde ein Flop und das geplante Debutalbum T.Y.R.A. wurde nie veroffentlicht.

Ihre eigene Talkshow The Tyra Banks Show lief seit 2005 taglich auf dem US-amerikanischen Fernsehsender The CW. Nach der zweiten Staffel zog die Crew der Show nach New York City, damit Americas Next Top Model und die Talkshow parallel gedreht werden konnen. Banks gewann fur die Moderation ihrer Talkshow jeweils 2008 und 2009 den Emmy im Bereich Informative Daytime-Shows. Nach der 5. Staffel wurde die Talkshow aber beendet.


Tyra Banks wirkte in manchen Musikvideos mit, unter anderem in Michael Jacksons Black or White, wo sie als zweites Gesicht der Morphingsequenz zu sehen ist. Ebenso in George Michaels Too Funky, zusammen mit Supermodel Linda Evangelista, in Tina Turners Love Thing und in Mobb Deeps Trife Life.

Filmografie (Auswahl)


  • 1992: Inferno (Fernsehfilm)
  • 1993: Der Prinz von Bel Air (7 Episoden)
  • 1997: New York Undercover (3 Episoden)
  • 1999: All That (Episode 3x05)
  • 1999: The Apartment Complex (Fernsehfilm)
  • 2000: Zum Leben erweckt (Life-Size) (Fernsehfilm)
  • 2009: Gossip Girl (Episode 3x04)
  • 2013: Glee (Episode 5x06)
  • 2016: Black-ish (2 Episoden)
  • 20172018: Americas Got Talent


  • 1995: Higher Learning Die Rebellen (Higher Learning)
  • 1997: A Woman Like That
  • 1999: Liebe? Lieber nicht! (Love Stinks)
  • 2000: Love & Basketball
  • 2000: Coyote Ugly
  • 2002: Halloween: Resurrection
  • 2002: Eight Crazy Nights (Synchronstimme)
  • 2004: Larceny
  • 2007: Mr. Woodcock
  • 2008: Tropic Thunder
  • 2009: Hannah Montana Der Film


Commons: Tyra Banks Sammlung von Bildern
  • Offizielle Website (englisch)
  • Tyra Banks in der Internet Movie Database (englisch)
  • Tyra Banks Profil in der FMD-Datenbank (englisch)
  • Offizielle Website der Tyra Show (englisch)


^ Tyra Banks Welcomes Son York. In: 27.Januar 2016. Abgerufen am 28.Januar 2016. Normdaten(Person): GND: 140717455 | LCCN: no95037078 | VIAF: 107714326 | Abgerufen von

Tyra Banks |

Model, actress


Tyra Banks has parlayed her supermodel status into film, television, and music; her career is proceeding well according to her ambitious plans. A hit on the runways of top designers since the early 1990s, Banks's career segued first into television and later into film, when she was cast in a leading role in the 1995 film Higher Learning, written and directed by John Singleton. With the help of a supportive family, Banks has successfully managed her fame in positive ways, and has chosen roles and collaborations with other African-American arts professionals who seek to portray their community in a diverse, multifaceted way. With her hit show America's Next Top Model and her budding pop music career, along with her continued modeling, Banks was poised to reap the benefits of superstardom.

Grounded in Family Love

Tyra Banks was born in Los Angeles December 4, 1973, to Carolyn and Don Banks. Her mother was a medical photographer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab, while her father is a computer consultant. They divorced when Tyra was six, although the relationship between parents and childrenincluding Tyra's older brother Devinremained amicable. Growing up, she would often parade around the family's Inglewood duplex in her mother's high heels and long robes, play-acting at being a model. Her view of the profession came largely from watching the weekly CNN program Style with Elsa Klensch, and later the MTV feature House of Style starring Cindy Crawford. In more serious moments, Banks entertained the idea of going to veterinary school. Yet her unusual looks sometimes made life difficult, as she told GQ writer James Ryan. "People called me Olive Oyl, Lightbulb Head, and Fivehead, because my forehead was so big," Banks recalled.

Banks attended Immaculate Heart High School, a rigorous Catholic girls' school in the Los Feliz section of Los Angeles, where classmates also teased her because of her increasing height (5'11") and weight (around 125 lbs). She told the Chicago Tribune that her most humbling experience in life was losing the prom queen crown to a girl she described as the smartest in her class. After graduating, she decided to try modeling on a lark, thinking it might be a good way to do some traveling. Since her mother was a photographer, putting a portfolio together was not a problem. Banks took her book to agencies, but, as mother Carolyn London-Johnson recalled for People magazine writers Tom Gliatto and Bryan Alexander, "The market for black models was not very good. They would say, 'We have this many black girls already.'"

After encountering one too many dead ends, Banks decided to go ahead with her backup plan to start college and study film. Accepted at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles, Banks was walking down the street two weeks before classes started when a model scout from France spotted her. The scout offered her immediate work for the upcoming fall haute couture shows in Paris, and Banks accepted. "Her sensual lope and sleek, space-age frame gave her instant catwalk charisma," People described the model in its "Fifty Most Beautiful Women" issue. Designer Todd Oldham likened Banks to "an antelope. She was just born with grace."

Entranced the Paris Runways

Within Banks's first week in Paris, other designers were so entranced by her presence on the runway that she was booked for an unprecedented 25 showsa record in the business for a newcomer. Next, Banks was offered lucrative contract deals, where the real money in the modeling industry lies. She was the first African American woman on the cover of Sports Illustrated 's high-profile swimsuit issue; American designer Ralph Lauren wanted her for another one of his lush, multi-page ad campaigns; and cosmetics giant Cover Girl made her the second African American to be offered a long-term deal with them.

Yet Banks's early days in the modeling business were difficult for her, despite a naturally exuberant and flexible demeanor. Subtle racism within the industry was partly responsible; from the start, Banks was called the "new Naomi Campbell," in comparison to the more experienced supermodel who had been the star woman of color on the runways for some years. Campbell, known for her diva-like behavior, was incensed, and managed to get Banks barred from appearing in a Chanel show after refusing to speak to her on several other occasions. "No model should have to endure what I went through at 17," Banks told Essence writer Deborah Gregory. "It's very sad that the fashion business and press can't accept that there can be more than one reigning black supermodel at a time."

Banks discussed the racism in the modeling industry with Cosmopolitan writer Jamie Diamond in 1993. "I've had bookers tell me, 'You've got light skin and green eyes. You're easy to sell.'" She admitted to relaxing her hair and having hair extensions done "because that's what 'beautiful' is supposed to look likeand that's how I make my living." Nevertheless, success does not insulate Banks from random acts of racism in everyday life. When she and a friend went to a New York City newsstand to purchase a magazine whose cover the model graced, the proprietor yelled at the two women and ordered them out of the store. When her friend pointed out the issue and Banks's image, he responded by saying "I don't care. You all look alike."

Spotted by Influential Director

The difficulties engendered by her daughter's new profession helped convince Carolyn London-Johnson to heed Banks's urgings and get involved. She quit her job and moved to Paris for a time to become her full-time manager, an arrangement that has suited them well. Banks's father handles her finances, and the supermodel daughter did not move out of her mother's house until she was 21. A magazine cover for Essence in June of 1993 sparked the next big move in Banks's career. John Singleton, director of the Academy-Award-nominated Boyz 'N the Hood, spotted the magazine and thought she would be perfect for an as-yet-uncast role in his next film. After mutual friends introduced them, Singleton attended one of Banks's appearances on the runway. He was entranced. They struck up a friendship that blossomed into romance.

Meanwhile, Banks had been cast in an occasional recurring role on the NBC-TV sitcom The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, starring former hip-hop star and feature-film actor Will Smith. Banks portrayed Jackie Ames, a love interest of Smith's title character. The acting experience made it easier when Singleton and the producers of his upcoming film Higher Learning asked her to read for the role of Deja, a star athlete at the film's fictional university. Some assumed that she had gotten the role because of her relationship with Singleton, the film's director, but Banks told Entertainment Weekly reporter Tim Appelo that "John said, 'Read for it, but if you're bad, you don't get it. I'd look like I'm thinkin' with my you-know-what.'" Her performance at the audition made an impact, however, and she won the role. Higher Learning won kudos from critics for its performances. Although Banks and Singleton eventually parted ways, Banks had established her acting career.

At a Glance

Born on December 4, 1973, in Los Angeles, CA; daughter of Don Banks (a computer consultant) and Carolyn London-Johnson (a business manager).

Career : Model, 1991; actress, 1993; Tygirl, Inc., founder and CEO, 1995.

Memberships: none.

Awards: none.

Addresses : Home Los Angeles, CA.

After the success of Higher Learning, Banks bought herself a five-bedroom abode in Los Angeles. She has also endowed her alma mater, Immaculate Heart, with a scholarship for African American girls. "I was very privileged that my mother and father sent me to private school," Banks told Gregory in Essence. "I want other African-American girls who can't afford it to experience that kind of education." Although still modeling, she pursued her career on the screen with diligence, starting by reading up on the history of the film industry. Banks told Essence 's Gregory that she had planned on a career in film prior to even thinking about modeling, but realized that the yoke of Supermodel would be a hard one to shed. "Even when I'm 50 and no longer modeling, everyone will still refer to me as 'Tyra the model.' Once a model, always a model."

Yet being an African American model in an industry dominated by Caucasians has been difficult. "It's long overdue that black models receive the same benefits as white models," she told Essence 's Gregory. "But I still don't make as much as the white supermodels do." Rather than waiting for the industry to catch up, Banks made her own plans for a multifaceted career. She formed a corporation in 1991Tygirl, manage her career, and declined further involvement in The Fresh Prince of Bel Air, in part because "everybody started coming up to me on the street and calling me Jackie Ames," she told Ryan in GQ. "I felt like I didn't want to get stereotyped into that character." The actor declined a role as a one-night stand with Tom Cruise's character in the 1993 film The Firm, primarily because of the one-dimensional, decorative nature of the character. "I don't want roles that scream, I AM SO PRETTY!," Banks told People magazine's Gliatto. Another rule? She freely admitted an important one to Appelo in the Entertainment Weekly article: "I'm not takin' off my clothes."

Started a Televised Model Hunt

Over the next decade, Banks took her career in many different directions. She wrote a beauty book that preached about the necessity of recognizing one's own inner and outer beauty. She continued to take roles in films. While she played a doll magically given life in the made-for-television movie Life-Size, for the most part Banks remained true to her desire not to take roles that simply relied on her looks. In Coyote Ugly she played a law student named Zoe, and she faced the murderous Jason in Halloween: Resurrection. But Banks focused much more on her own image. Taking cues from the success of reality television programming, Banks created America's Next Top Model in 2003. The program follows the ups and downs of a group of models as they compete for the chance to win a modeling contract. Among the show's panel of experts, Banks is portrayed as a powerful gatekeeper to the world of high fashion and glamour. According to New Yorker television critic Nancy Franklin, "the aspiring models view her both as the bearer of a magic ticket out of poverty, obscurity, stripping, and waitressing and as a comforting, maternal, Oprah-like figure." The show was hailed in 2005 as UPN's most desirable show. Television analyst Carolyn Finger told Television Week that "It's the one show that universally it can be said any network would like to have."

Among her other ventures, Banks planned to record music and launch herself as a pop diva. In addition she was preparing to launch her own talk show. Television Week noted that "Banks' planned talk show is considered one of the highest-profile pieces of development for syndication in 2005." Unlike her unique modeling show, which has since encouraged other similar shows, Banks understood that her talk show would be one among many. But, as she told Television Week, "there is a void right now for a talk show headed by someone of my generation. I haven't seen it done how we're doing it. And I hope that will pay off." Only time will tell. However, Warner Bros. Domestic Television Distribution President Dick Robertson is banking on Banks. He told the Hollywood Reporter: "If there's ever a future Oprah, she could be the one."

Selected works


(With Vanessa Thomas Bush) Tyra's Beauty Inside & Out, HarperPerennial, 1998.


Higher Learning, 1995.

Life-Size, 2000.

Coyote Ugly, 2000.

Halloween: Resurrection, 2002.


The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, 1990.

America's Next Top Model, 2003.

The Tyra Banks Show, 2005.



Chicago Tribune, August 6, 1995, p. C14.

Cosmopolitan, September 1993.

Detroit News, June 1, 1995, p. C3.

Entertainment Weekly, January 13, 1995, p. 3.

Essence, February 1995, p. 60.

GQ, June 1995, p. 176.

Hollywood Reporter, September 30. 2004, p.3.

Jet, February 13, 1995, p. 30.

New Yorker, March 14, 2005, pp. 143-44.

New York Times, August 4, 2000.

People, April 11, 1994, p. 57; May 9, 1994, p. 118; January 23, 1995, p. 33; March 7, 2005, p. 38.

Television Week, January 10, 2005, p. 49; January 31, 2005, p. 12.

Carol Brennan and

Sara Pendergast

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