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Grease 2Grease 2 (movie poster).jpgTheatrical release posterDirected byPatricia BirchProduced by
  • Allan Carr
  • Robert Stigwood
Written byKen FinklemanBased onGrease
by Jim Jacobs
Warren CaseyStarring
  • Maxwell Caulfield
  • Michelle Pfeiffer
  • Adrian Zmed
  • Lorna Luft
  • Didi Conn
  • Eve Arden
  • Sid Caesar
  • Dody Goodman
  • Tab Hunter
  • Connie Stevens
Music byLouis St. LouisCinematographyFrank StanleyEdited byJohn F. BurnettProduction
company Polydor Records Distributed byParamount PicturesRelease date
  • June11,1982
Running time114 minutes[1]CountryUnited StatesLanguageEnglishBudget$11.2 millionBox office$15.2 million[2]

Grease 2 is a 1982 American musical romantic comedy film and the sequel to Grease, which is based upon the musical of the same name by Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey. Originally titled "More Grease", the film was produced by Allan Carr and Robert Stigwood, and directed and choreographed by Patricia Birch, who also choreographed the first film and the Broadway musical. It takes place two years after the original film at Rydell High School, set in the 19611962 school year, with an almost entirely new cast, led by actors Maxwell Caulfield and Michelle Pfeiffer in her first starring role.

The film was released theatrically on June 11, 1982 and grossed over $15 million against a production budget of $11 million. The film, now best known for being the breakout roles for Pfeiffer and Christopher McDonald, was otherwise poorly received, with Grease co-creator Jim Jacobs (who did not have any involvement with Grease 2) particularly displeased with the film.

Plot

It is 1961, two years after the original Grease ended. The first day of school has arrived ("Alma Mater" from the original musical) as Principal McGee and her secretary Blanche react in horror as the students, among them the new T-Birds and Pink Ladies, arrive at high school ("Back to School Again"). The Pink Ladies are now led by Stephanie Zinone, who feels she has "outgrown" her relationship with her ex-boyfriend Johnny Nogerelli, the arrogant and rather immature new leader of the T-Birds.

A new arrival comes in the form of clean-cut English student Michael Carrington (a cousin of Sandy Olsson from the previous film). He is welcomed and introduced to the school atmosphere by Frenchy, who was asked by Sandy to help show Michael around. Frenchy reveals she has returned to Rydell to get her high school diploma so she can start her own cosmetics company. Michael eventually meets Stephanie and quickly becomes smitten with her.

At the local bowling alley, a game ("Score Tonight") turns sour due to the animosity between Johnny and Stephanie. Stephanie retaliates by kissing the next man who walks in the door, who happens to be Michael. Bemused by this unexpected kiss, Michael falls in love with Stephanie so asks her out, but he learns that she has a very specific vision of her ideal man ("Cool Rider"). After realising that he will only win her affections if he turns himself into a cool rider, Michael accepts payments from the T-Birds to write term papers for them; he uses the cash to buy a motorcycle.

Following an unusual biology lesson ("Reproduction") given by Mr. Stuart, a substitute teacher, a gang of rival motorcyclists called the Cycle Lords (most of whom are members of the defunct Scorpions) led by Leo Balmudo, surprise the T-Birds at the bowling alley. Before the fight starts, a lone mysterious (unnamed) biker appears (who is actually Michael in disguise,) defeats the enemy gang and disappears into the night ("Who's That Guy?"). Stephanie is fascinated with the stranger. Meanwhile, Louis, one of the T-Birds, attempts to trick his sweetheart Sharon, one of the Pink Ladies and Stephanie's friends into losing her virginity to him by taking her to a fallout shelter and faking a nuclear attack ("Let's Do It for Our Country.")

The next evening while working at a gas station/garage, Stephanie is surprised again by the Cool Rider, and they enjoy a romantic twilight motorcycle ride, which includes a kiss. Just as Michael is about to reveal his identity, they are interrupted by the arrival of the T-Birds and Pink Ladies. Before Michael leaves, he tells Stephanie that he will see her at the school talent show, in which the Pink Ladies and T-Birds are performing. Johnny, enraged by Stephanie's new romance, threatens to fight the Cool Rider if he sees him with her again. The Pink Ladies walk away haughtily, but this has little effect on the T-Birds' self-confidence ("Prowlin'").

At school, Stephanie's poor grades in English lead her to accept Michael's offer of help. Johnny, upon seeing them together in a discussion, demands that Stephanie quit the Pink Ladies to preserve his honor ("rep", reputation). Although still enchanted by the mysterious Cool Rider, interactions with Michael reveal that she has become romantically interested in him as well. Michael ponders over the continuing charade he puts on for Stephanie ("Charades").

At the talent show, Stephanie and the Cool Rider meet up but are abruptly ambushed by the T-Birds who pursue Michael on their respective motorcycles, with Stephanie, Sharon, Paulette, and Rhonda following in a car. They chase him to a construction site which conceals a deadly drop, and the biker's absence suggests that he has perished below, leaving Stephanie heartbroken and inconsolable. Johnny and his T-Birds remove the competing Preptones - preppie boys - by tying them to a shower pole in the boys' locker room and drenching them. During the Pink Ladies' performance in the talent show ("Girl for All Seasons"), Stephanie enters a dreamlike fantasy world where she is reunited with her mystery biker ("(Love Will) Turn Back the Hands of Time"). She is named winner of the contest and crowned the queen of the upcoming graduation luau, with Johnny hailed as king for his performance of "Prowlin'" with his fellow T-Birds.

The school year ends with the luau ("Rock-a-Hula Luau"), during which the Cycle Lords appear and begin to destroy the celebration. However, the Cool Rider reappears. After he defeats the Cycle Lords again, he reveals himself to be Michael. Initially shocked, Johnny gives him a T-Birds jacket, officially welcoming him into the gang, and Stephanie is delighted that she can now be with him. Michael and Stephanie share a very passionate kiss and he whispers that he loves her. All the couples pair off happily at the seniors' graduation as the graduating class sings ("We'll Be Together"). The credits start rolling in yearbook-style, as in the original film.

Cast

  • Maxwell Caulfield as Michael Carrington, an English exchange student, Sandy's cousin and Stephanie's boyfriend. Upon meeting the leader of the Pink Ladies, Stephanie Zinone, Michael instantly falls in love with her. Michael comes up with his alter ego "Cool Rider" after failing to ask Stephanie out and learning she has a "certain type" of guy to date. Michael's new persona as the "Cool Rider" manages to make Stephanie fall in love with the alter ego and not Michael himself. However, by the end of the movie, Michael reveals himself as Cool Rider and learns that Stephanie did fall in love with him as well as "his other self" and got "two for the price of one". Michael tells (by whispering) Stephanie he loves her and they end up together.

Caulfield had already made his Broadway debut with roles in The Elephant Man and Entertaining Mr. Sloane. Having seen his performances, Allan Carr offered Caulfield the role of Michael over thousands of applicants.[3] Unlike co-star Pfeiffer, Caulfield's career following Grease 2 was damaged by the film's failure. He has been quoted as saying: "Before Grease 2 came out, I was being hailed as the next Richard Gere or John Travolta. However, when Grease 2 flopped, nobody would touch me. It felt like a bucket of cold water had been thrown in my face. It took me 10 years to get over Grease 2."[4]

  • Michelle Pfeiffer as Stephanie Zinone, the leader of the Pink Ladies and Michael's girlfriend. Stephanie is sick of "being someone's chick" after her split with T-Birds leader Johnny and becomes infatuated by a mysterious biker (who is really Michael in disguise) and falls in love with him. Stephanie ends up also falling for the clean cut new guy Michael after he helps her with her essay and the two get closer. Stephanie tells Michael she would date him if there wasn't a pink lady code: "The pink ladies are the T-Birds chicks". After finding out that Michael is Cool Rider, Stephanie accepts that she can be with him. She passionately kisses him and the two end up together by graduation.

With only a few television roles and small film appearances, the 23-year-old Pfeiffer was an unknown actress when she attended the casting call audition for the role of Stephanie. Other better-known actresses up for the part included Lisa Hartman, Kristy McNichol, Andrea McArdle, and singer Pat Benatar.[5] Pfeiffer was a wild card choice, but according to Birch, she won the part because she "has a quirky quality you don't expect."[6]

The T-Birds
  • Adrian Zmed as Johnny Nogerelli
  • Christopher McDonald as Goose McKenzie
  • Peter Frechette as Louis DiMucci
  • Leif Green as Davey Jaworski
The Pink Ladies
  • Maureen Teefy as Sharon Cooper
  • Lorna Luft as Paulette Rebchuck
  • Alison Price as Rhonda Ritter
  • Pamela Segall as Dolores Rebchuck

Reprising roles from Grease

  • Didi Conn as Frenchy
  • Eve Arden as Principal McGee (Arden's final theatrical role)
  • Sid Caesar as Coach Calhoun
  • Dody Goodman as Secretary Blanche Hodel
  • Eddie Deezen as Eugene Felsnick
  • Dennis C. Stewart as Leo Balmudo (Craterface), leader of the Cycle Lords (appeared as the gang leader of the Scorpions in the previous film)
  • Dick Patterson as Mr. Spears (appeared as Mr. Rudie in the previous film)

Supporting cast

  • Tab Hunter as Mr. Stuart
  • Connie Stevens as Miss Yvette Mason
  • Jean and Liz Sagal as the Sorority / Cheerleader Twins
  • Matt Lattanzi as Brad, one of the Prep-Tones
  • Donna King as Girl Greaser (lead dancer)[7]
  • Lucinda Dickey as Girl Greaser
  • Ivy Austin as Girl Greaser 'Francine'
  • Andy Tennant as Boy Greaser 'Artie' (Arnold in Grease)
  • Bernard Hiller as Boy Greaser
  • Tom Villard as Boy Greaser 'Willie' (Performs 'Cry' at the Talent Show)
  • Vernon Scott as Henry Dickey, one of the Prep-Tones
  • Tom Willett as Bowling Alley Manager (uncredited)
  • Janet Jones as the Girl who missed her last two periods (Uncredited)
  • William N. Clark as Cycle Salvage Yard Manager (Uncredited) - also was a cameraman
  • Aurelio Padron as Boy Greaser
  • John Robert Garrett as Boy Greaser (Bubba in Grease)
  • Helena Andreyko as Girl Greaser (Trix in Grease)
  • Dennis Daniels as Boy Greaser (Bart in Grease)
  • Vicki Hunter as Girl Greaser
  • Sandra Gray as Girl Greaser (Big G. in Grease)
  • John Allee as student with basketball (Calhoun: "We'll put high-heels on your sneakers and we'll make you a center!")
  • Michael David Eilert as Boy Greaser (Uncredited)

Production

Development

Grease co-producer Allan Carr had a deal with Paramount Pictures to be paid $5 million to produce a sequel, with production beginning within three years of the original film. Carr decided to hire Patricia Birch as director for the sequel, as she had previously served as the choreographer for the stage and film versions of Grease. Birch was initially hesitant to accept after learning that neither composers Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey nor John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John would be involved in film.[8] Bronte Woodard, the writer who adapted the original stage material for the original film, had died in 1980, and Canadian comic Ken Finkleman (who was also writing and directing Airplane II at the same time) was tasked with penning a new script mostly from scratch. The total budget for the production was $11.2 million, almost double the budget of the original.[9]

Grease 2 was intended to be the second film (and first sequel) in a proposed Grease franchise of four films and a television series. (The third and fourth films were to take place in the sixties and during the counterculture era.) However, the projects were scrapped due to the underwhelming box office performance of Grease 2.[10] Maxwell Caulfield was unhappy with the film's "drab" title, and unsuccessfully lobbied to change it to Son of Grease.[11]

Casting

Birch proposed an idea to feature Travolta and Newton-John reprising their characters as a now married couple running a gas station near the end of the film, which did not come to fruition.[8] Paramount tried to get Jeff Conaway and Stockard Channing from the first film to do cameos but this did not happen (Channing had left Hollywood for a time in the early 1980s to focus on her stage career).[12]

Timothy Hutton was announced as a male star,[13] but Maxwell Caulfield was signed after impressing producers on Broadway in Entertaining Mister Sloane.

Pfeiffer had only made a few films before:

That was really weird for me. I'd been taking singing lessons and I had taken dance, because I loved to dance, but I had never considered myself a professional at all. I went on this audition as a fluke, and somehow, through the process of going back and dancing, and then going back and singing, I ended up getting the part. I went crazy with that movie. I came to New York and the paparazzi were waiting at the hotel. I know the producers put them up to it. I am basically very private, and I'm really nervous about doing publicity. Every time I set up an interview, I say, "That's it, this is my last one. I'll do this because I committed to doing it, but I'm never doing another one." It was insane.[14]

Lorna Luft was the last star cast.[15] The part played by Connie Stevens was originally meant for Annette Funicello but she was unable to appear as she was filming a peanut butter advertisement that week.[16]

Adrian Zmed had previously played the role of Danny Zuko in the stage version of Grease, a role he would later reprise in the 1990s.[17]

Filming

Scenes at Rydell High School were filmed at Excelsior High School, a recently closed high school in Norwalk, California.[9] Filming took place throughout a 58-day shooting schedule during the autumn of 1981.[10] According to director Birch, the script was still incomplete when filming commenced.[10] Sequences that were filmed but cut during post-production include scenes in which Frenchy helps Michael become a motorcycle rider, and a sequence at the end of the film showing Michael and Stephanie flying off into the sky on a motorcycle.[10]

In the film, after Stephanie wins the contest, it goes on to show the stakeout in the final scene. Originally, there were a few minutes dedicated to a scene in which Michael (believed to be dead in his alter ego, by Stephanie) comes out on stage as Stephanie is exiting the stage, unbeknownst to her that he is the cool rider and he is alive. He attempts to ask her what's wrong and she storms past him and runs off crying, then it cuts to the stakeout. There was a scene within the "Who's that Guy?" number in which Goose accidentally smashes Rhonda's nose at the Bowl-A-Rama door. None of these scenes have been shown since the film's release.

Music

Main article: Grease 2 (soundtrack) Grease 2Soundtrack albumReleased1982Recorded1981Length32:28LabelRSO (Original issue)[18]
Polydor (Re-issue)[19] Professional ratingsReview scoresSourceRatingAllMusic2/5 stars link "Back to School Again" Cast and The Four Tops (verses by the Pink Ladies are absent from the soundtrack) "Score Tonight" T-Birds, Pink Ladies, Cast "Brad" Noreen and Doreen "Cool Rider" Stephanie "Reproduction" Mr. Stuart and Students "Who's That Guy?" Michael, T-Birds, Pink Ladies, Cycle Lords, and Cast "Do It for Our Country" Louis and Sharon (Sharon's part is absent from the soundtrack) "Prowlin'" Johnny and T-Birds "Charades" Michael "Girl for All Seasons" Sharon, Paulette, Rhonda, and Stephanie "(Love Will) Turn Back the Hands of Time" Stephanie and Michael "Rock-a-Hula Luau (Summer Is Coming)" Cast "We'll Be Together" Michael, Stephanie, Johnny, Paulette, and Cast

Featured as background music at Rydell Sport Field:

"Moon River" (The Spirit of Troy- University of Southern California Marching Band)

Featured as background music at the bowling alley:

"Our Day Will Come" Ruby & The Romantics (Grease 2 takes place in 1961-62 and "Our Day Will Come" did not come out until 1963) "Rebel Walk" Duane Eddy (this was the B-side of his biggest hit "Because They're Young")

Featured at the beginning:

"Alma Mater" Instrumental (this song was played at the beginning when Principal McGee and Blanche put up the 1961 Rydell flag)

Release

Box office

The sequel took in just over $15 million after coming at fifth on opening weekend behind E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Rocky III, and Poltergeist.[2]

Critical reception

As of February 2019, the film had a rating of 38% on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 34 critics' reviews, with an average rating of 3.6/10. The site's consensus states: "Grease 2 is undeniably stocked with solid songs and well-choreographed dance sequences, but there's no getting around the fact that it's a blatant retread of its far more entertaining predecessor."[20] Janet Maslin for The New York Times condemned the film as "dizzy and slight, with an even more negligible plot than its predecessor had. This time the story can't even masquerade as an excuse for stringing the songs together. Songs? What songs? The numbers in Grease2 are so hopelessly insubstantial that the cast is forced to burst into melody about pastimes like bowling."[21] Variety, on the other hand, commended the staging of the musical numbers, writing that Patricia Birch has come up with some unusual settings (a bowling alley, a bomb shelter) for some of the scenes, and employs some sharp montage to give most of the songs and dances a fair amount of punch."[22] Roger Ebert for the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 2 stars out of 4, saying: "This movie just recycles Grease, without the stars, without the energy, without the freshness and without the grease."[23]

However, Pfeiffer received positive notices for her first major role. The New York Times review cited her performance as the "one improvement" on the original film: "Miss Pfeiffer is as gorgeous as any cover girl, and she has a sullen quality that's more fitting to a Grease character than Miss Newton-John's sunniness was."[21] Variety wrote that she was "all anyone could ask for in the looks department, and she fills Olivia Newton-John's shoes and tight pants very well."[22] Pfeiffer told the Los Angeles Times three years later:

.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}

That film was a good experience for me. It taught me a valuable lesson. Before it even came out the hype had started. Maxwell and I were being thrust down the public's throat in huge full page advertisements. There was no way we could live up to any of that and we didn't. So the crash was very loud. But it did teach me not to have expectations.[24]

Barry Diller of Paramount said that the film "on no level is as good as the first. The quality isn't there."[25] Jim Jacobs described it at the time as "awful ... the pits."[26] In an interview 27 years later, Jacobs noted that Grease 2 "still brings a brief frown to his face."[27]

Accolades

Pfeiffer was nominated for a 1983 Young Artist Award in the category of Best Young Motion Picture Actress.

The film was nominated for a Stinkers Bad Movie Awards for Worst Picture.[28] Later on, the Stinkers would unveil their picks for the 100 worst films of the 20th century with their "100 Years, 100 Stinkers" list. Grease 2 ranked in the listed bottom 20 at #13.[29][30]

Remakes

The film's screenplay was adapted in the Kannada (South India) feature film Premaloka, starring Ravichandran and Juhi Chawla, released in 1987, which went on to become a blockbuster.

Plans for a third film

In 2003, Olivia Newton-John confirmed that a second sequel was being developed. "They're writing it, and we'll see what happens. If the script looks good, I'll do it. But I haven't seen the script, and it has to be cleverly done." [31]

In 2008, it was reported that Paramount was planning a new sequel to Grease that would debut straight to DVD.[32] However, the project never came to fruition.

In 2019, it was announced that a prequel to the original film entitled Summer Loving with John August attached to write the screenplay was in the works at Paramount.[33]

Stage musical

The film was later adapted into a musical, "Cool Rider", with the script re-written and modified for the stage.[34]

References

^ "GREASE 2 (A)". British Board of Film Classification. June 14, 1982. Retrieved September 26, 2015..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em} ^ a b "Grease 2 (1982) - Box Office Mojo". www.boxofficemojo.com. ^ "The Maxwell Caulfield Picture Pages". www.superiorpics.com. ^ Maxwell Caulfield trivia Archived October 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine at movietome.com ^ http://www.pfeiffertheface.com/Bio_014.htm Archived July 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine ^ http://www.pfeiffertheface.com/Bio_013.htm Archived January 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine ^ Alumni: Donna King at millermarley.com, accessed 8 April 2018 ^ a b Hofler 2010, p.136. ^ a b Hofler 2010, p.144. ^ a b c d Grease2 Trivia at the Internet Movie Database ^ Heimel, Cynthia (March 22, 1983). "The Next Overnight Sensation". New York: 45. Retrieved August 19, 2013. ^ 'Taxi' brings back Jeff Conaway Beck, Marilyn. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 08 Sep 1981: a5. ^ Hollywood 'drug war' is mostly talk Beck, Marilyn. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 16 Mar 1982: c12. ^ "New Again: Michelle Pfeiffer - Interview Magazine". May 9, 2012. ^ LORNA LUFT'S ROAD GETS SMOOTHER: LORNA LUFT'S ROAD Rosenfield, Paul. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 07 Mar 1982: m25. ^ MOVIES: 'HEY, WHAT FLOOR AM I ON?!' A FRENETIC DAY IN CHICAGO FORA PRODUCER BORN TOO LATE Popson, Tom. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 20 June 1982: f20. ^ Adelson, Suzanne (June 20, 1983). "T.j. Hooker's Adrian Zmed Looks to a Serious Future Beyond Beefcake and Bad Boys". People. 19 (24). Retrieved August 31, 2016. ^ https://www.discogs.com/Various-Grease-2-Original-Soundtrack-Recording/master/143686 ^ https://www.discogs.com/Various-Grease-2-Original-Soundtrack-Recording/release/1802763 ^ Grease2 at Rotten Tomatoes. Accessed April 27, 2018. ^ a b Maslin, Janet. Movie Review: Grease 2 (1982): More Grease, The New York Times, 11 June 1982. ^ a b Grease 2 review, Variety, 1 January 1982. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Grease 2". Chicago Sun-Times. ^ MOVIES: PFEIFFER'S GOT A CULT OF HER OWN Mann, Roderick. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 03 Mar 1985: u21. ^ Hollywood Sequels Are Just the Ticket: Superman VII? Maybe. But studios risk going to the well once too often. Hollywood Sequels: Just the Ticket By LESLIE WAYNE. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 18 July 1982: F1 ^ Playwright a hit at Taft High: 'Grease'-er revisits scene of his teens 'Grease'-er visits scene of his teens Clifford, Terry. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 12 Apr 1983: d1 ^ "Bring back our own, original R-rated 'Grease'". January 8, 2009. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2015. ^ "1982 5th Hastings Bad Cinema Society Stinkers Awards". Stinkers Bad Movie Awards. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 15, 2007. Retrieved April 2, 2013. ^ "The 100 Worst Films of the 20th Century". The Stinkers. Retrieved October 2, 2019. ^ "The Top Ten [sic] Worst Films of All-Time". The Stinkers. Retrieved October 2, 2019. ^ Scott Holleran (September 9, 2003). "Olivia Newton-John: Grease Goddess". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved May 5, 2018. ^ Sciretta, Peter (August 21, 2008). "Mean Girls 2? Naked Gun 4? Road Trip 2? Grease 3?". Slash Film. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ Kit, Borys (April 9, 2019). "'Grease' Prequel 'Summer Loving' in the Works With John August Writing (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 9, 2019. ^ "Cool Rider! The Stage Adaptation of Cult Sequel Grease 2 to Return to the West End". Bibliography .mw-parser-output .refbegin{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul{list-style-type:none;margin-left:0}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul>li,.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>dl>dd{margin-left:0;padding-left:3.2em;text-indent:-3.2em;list-style:none}.mw-parser-output .refbegin-100{font-size:100%}
  • Hofler, Robert (2010). Party Animals: A Hollywood Tale of Sex, Drugs, and Rock 'n' Roll Starring the Fabulous Allan Carr. Philadelphia: Da Capo Press. ISBN978-0-306-81655-0.
  • Tropiano, Stephen (2011). Grease. Music on Film. Milwaukee: Limelight Editions. ISBN978-0-87910-389-7.

External links

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Grease (film)
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GreaseGrease ver2.jpgTheatrical release posterDirected byRandal KleiserProduced by
  • Robert Stigwood
  • Allan Carr
Screenplay byBronte WoodardBased onGrease
by Jim Jacobs
Warren CaseyStarring
  • John Travolta
  • Olivia Newton-John
  • Stockard Channing
  • Eve Arden
  • Frankie Avalon
  • Joan Blondell
  • Edd Byrnes
  • Sid Caesar
  • Alice Ghostley
  • Dody Goodman
  • Sha Na Na
Music byMichael GibsonCinematographyBill ButlerEdited by
  • John F. Burnett
  • Robert Pergament
Production
company
  • Paramount Pictures
  • Allan Carr Productions
  • Robert Stigwood Organization
  • Polydor Records
Distributed byParamount PicturesRelease date
  • June16,1978
Running time110 minutesCountryUnited StatesLanguageEnglishBudget$6 million[1]Box office$396 million[1]

Grease is a 1978 American musical romantic comedy film based on the 1971 musical of the same name by Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey. Written by Bronte Woodard[2] and directed by Randal Kleiser in his theatrical feature film debut, the film depicts the lives of greaser Danny Zuko and Australian transfer student Sandy Olsson who develop an attraction for each other. The film stars John Travolta as Danny, Olivia Newton-John as Sandy, and Stockard Channing as Betty Rizzo, the leader of the Pink Ladies. Rydell High was based on Radnor High School in Radnor, Pennsylvania.

Released on June 16, 1978, Grease was successful both critically and commercially becoming the highest-grossing musical film ever at the time.[3] Its soundtrack album ended 1978 as the second-best-selling album of the year in the United States, behind the soundtrack of the 1977 blockbuster Saturday Night Fever (which also starred Travolta)[4] and earned the film its lone Oscar nomination for "Hopelessly Devoted to You" (which lost the Academy Award for Best Original Song to Donna Summer's "Last Dance" from Thank God It's Friday at the 51st Academy Awards).

A sequel, Grease 2, was released in 1982, starring Maxwell Caulfield and Michelle Pfeiffer as a newer class of greasers. Few of the original cast members reprised their roles. As of 2019, an HBO Max series based on the film is in production.[5]

Plot

In the summer of 1958, local boy Danny Zuko and vacationing Sandy Olsson meet at the beach and fall in love. When the summer comes to an end, Sandywho is going back to Australiafrets that they may never meet again, but Danny tells her that their love is "only beginning". The film moves to the start of the seniors' term at Rydell High School. Danny is a member and leader of the T-Birds greaser gang, consisting of his best friend Kenickie, Doody, Sonny, and Putzie. The Pink Ladies, a clique of greaser girls, also arrive, consisting of leader Rizzo, Frenchy, Marty, and Jan.

After her parents decide not to return to Australia, Sandy enrolls at Rydell and is befriended by Frenchy, who considers dropping out of school to become a beautician. Unaware of each other's presence at Rydell, Danny and Sandy tell their respective groups the accounts of events during the pair's brief romance, without initially mentioning the other's name ("Summer Nights"). Sandy's version emphasizes the romance of the relationship, while Danny's version is more sexual.

When Sandy finally says Danny's name, Rizzo arranges a surprise reunion for the two, but Danny is forced to maintain his bad-boy attitude in front of his pals, upsetting Sandy, who storms off and begins dating Tom, a jock. Kenickie unveils the used car, Greased Lightnin', that he plans on restoring and racing ("Greased Lightnin'"). Frenchy invites the girls to a pajama party, but Sandy falls ill from the sight of blood after getting her ears pierced by Frenchy, Rizzo starts to make fun of Sandy ("Look at Me, I'm Sandra Dee"). While Sandy is outside, she soon starts to think of Danny, and how much she loves him even though he hurt her ("Hopelessly Devoted to You"). Rizzo departs to have sex with Kenickie, during which his condom breaks. The two are disturbed by Leo, leader of the T-Birds' rival gang, the Scorpions, and his girlfriend Cha-Cha.

In an attempt to impress Sandy, Danny turns to Coach Calhoun to get into sports, eventually becoming a runner. He reunites with Sandy and they attempt to go on a date, but their friends crash it. Kenickie and a distressed Rizzo argue and split up. Left alone, Frenchy is visited by a guardian angel who advises her to return to school after a mishap in beauty class leaves her with candy-pink hair ("Beauty School Dropout").

The school dance arrives, broadcast live on television and hosted by DJ Vince Fontaine, who flirts with Marty. Rizzo and Kenickie attempt to spite one another by bringing Leo and Cha-Cha as their dates. Danny and Sandy arrive together and dance well during the chaotic hand jive contest ("Born to Hand Jive"); just before the end of the contest Sonny pulls Sandy off the dance floor, and Cha-Cha cuts in to win the contest with Danny, causing Sandy to leave the event broken-hearted.

Danny tries to make it up to Sandy by taking her to a drive-in theater ("Alone at the Drive-in Movies") but forces himself on her, causing Sandy to leave ("Sandy"). Meanwhile Rizzo fears she is pregnant after missing a period and confides in Marty, but Marty tells Sonny and he inadvertently spreads the rumor to Kenickie, the apparent father, though Rizzo denies this to him. At school, Rizzo is getting laughed at by other girls, and she soon realizes that she isn't as tough as she seems ("There Are Worse Things I Could Do").

On race day, Kenickie suffers a concussion when hit by his own car door, so Danny takes the wheel. He and Leo race until Leo crashes and leaves humiliated, with Danny as the victor. Sandy watches from afar, concluding she still loves Danny, and decides to change her attitude and look to impress him; she then asks Frenchy for help to achieve this goal ("Look at Me, I'm Sandra Dee (Reprise)").

On the last day of school, Principal McGee and her assistant Blanche sob about the departing class. Rizzo discovers she is not pregnant and reunites with Kenickie. Danny has lettered in track but is shocked when Sandy arrives dressed as a female T-Bird. In song ("You're the One That I Want"), they confess their mutual love and reconcile. The class celebrates their graduation at the fair on school grounds ("We Go Together"). Sandy and Danny depart in Greased Lightnin', which takes flight ("Grease").

Cast

Principal cast

  • John Travolta as Danny Zuko, who lives a double life as leader of the greaser gang the T-Birds and as Sandy's boyfriend
  • Olivia Newton-John as Sandy Olsson, Danny's girlfriend and an Australian immigrant and ingenue, who transforms from square to greaser
  • Stockard Channing as Betty Rizzo, Kenickie's girlfriend and the cynical leader of the Pink Ladies clique
  • Jeff Conaway as Kenickie Murdoch, Danny's best friend, Rizzo's boyfriend and the owner of Greased Lightnin'
  • Barry Pearl as Doody, a member of the T-Birds; he pairs with Frenchy at the school dance
  • Michael Tucci as Sonny LaTieri, a trouble-making wannabe womanizer and T-Bird who courts Marty with little success over the course of the film
  • Kelly Ward as Putzie, a member of the T-Birds whose relationship with Jan builds over the course of the film
  • Didi Conn as Frenchy, Sandy's closest friend in the Pink Ladies and an aspiring beautician
  • Jamie Donnelly as Jan, a quirky member of the Pink Ladies with a liking for Ipana toothpaste
  • Dinah Manoff as Marty Maraschino, a member of the Pink Ladies whose attractiveness regularly draws the attention of men, including Sonny and Vince Fontaine

Secondary cast

  • Eve Arden as Principal McGee, who shows discomfort at the goings-on at Rydell High.
  • Dody Goodman as Secretary Blanche Hodel, who enjoys even the wilder antics at the school.
  • Sid Caesar as Coach Vince Calhoun, the tough-talking gym teacher and coach of all the school's perennially losing sports teams
  • Eddie Deezen as Eugene Felsnick, the class nerd
  • Susan Buckner as Patty Simcox, the head cheerleader and a rival for Danny's affections
  • Lorenzo Lamas as Tom Chisum, a popular jock who competes for Sandy's affections
  • Dennis C. Stewart as Leo "Craterface" Balmudo, leader of the Scorpions, a rival greaser gang
  • Annette Charles as Charlene "Cha-Cha" Di Gregorio, Leo's girlfriend
  • Joan Blondell as Vi, a waitress at the Frosty Palace
  • Ellen Travolta as Waitress
  • Frankie Avalon as Teen Angel
  • Edd Byrnes as Vince Fontaine, on-air personality at KZAZ radio and television
  • Sha-Na-Na as Johnny Casino and the Gamblers, a rock and roll band
  • Alice Ghostley as Mrs. Murdock, a rogue auto shop teacher who helps build Greased Lightnin' for the T-Birds
  • Darrell Zwerling as Mr. Lynch
  • Dick Patterson as Mr. Rudie
  • Fannie Flagg as Nurse Wilkins

Production

Casting

John Travolta had previously worked with producer Robert Stigwood on Saturday Night Fever, had a nascent singing career at the time (including the top-10 hit "Let Her In" in 1976), and had previously appeared as Doody in a touring production of the stage version of Grease. He made a number of casting recommendations that Stigwood ultimately accepted, including suggesting Randal Kleiser (who had never directed a theatrical feature before this but had directed Travolta in the 1976 telefilm The Boy in the Plastic Bubble) as director, and Olivia Newton-John, then known almost exclusively as a multiple Grammy winning pop and country singer, as Sandy.[6] Newton-John had done little acting before this film, with only two film credits (1965's Funny Things Happen Down Under and the unreleased 1970 film Toomorrow, which predated her singing breakthrough) to her name up to that time. Before accepting the role, Newton-John requested a screen test for Grease to avoid another career setback.[7] The screen test was done with the drive-in movie scene. Newton-John, who is native to England and lived most of her life in Australia, was unable to perform with a convincing American accent, and thus her character was rewritten to be Australian. Before Newton-John was hired, Allan Carr was considering numerous names such as Ann-Margret, Susan Dey and Marie Osmond for the lead role; Newton-John agreed to a reduced asking price in exchange for star billing.[7] In a case of life imitating art, Newton-John's own musical career would undergo a transformation similar to that of the Sandy Olsson character; her next album after Grease, the provocatively titled Totally Hot, featured a much more sexual and pop-oriented approach, with Newton-John appearing on the album cover in similar all-leather attire and teased hair.[8]

Jeff Conaway, like Travolta, had previously appeared in the stage version of Grease; he had played Danny Zuko during the show's run on Broadway.[9] Jamie Donnelly reprised her role as Jan from the Broadway show, the only cast member to do so; as her hair had begun to gray by this point, she had to dye her hair to resemble her stage character.[10] Kelly Ward had previously appeared as a similar sarcastic supporting character in The Boy in the Plastic Bubble with Travolta under Kleiser; he was cast as Putzie, a mostly new character.

Lorenzo Lamas was a last-minute replacement for Steven Ford, who developed stage fright shortly before filming and backed out. His role contained no spoken dialogue and required Lamas to dye his hair blond to avoid looking like one of the T-Birds.[10]

Adult film star Harry Reems was originally signed to play Coach Calhoun; however, executives at Paramount nixed the idea, concerned that his reputation as a porn star would hinder box office returns in the Southern United States,[11] and producers cast Sid Caesar instead.[12] Caesar was one of several veterans of 1950s television (Eve Arden, Frankie Avalon, Joan Blondell, Edd Byrnes, Alice Ghostley, Dody Goodman) to be cast in supporting roles. Coincidentally, Frankie Avalon and Randal Kleiser had both appeared in 1966's Fireball 500, the latter as an extra.

Filming locations

The car race in the film took place at the Los Angeles River.

The opening beach scene was shot at Malibu's Leo Carrillo State Beach, making explicit reference to From Here to Eternity. The exterior Rydell scenes, including the basketball, baseball and track segments, were shot at Venice High School in Venice, California, while the Rydell interiors, including the high school dance, were filmed at Huntington Park High School. The sleepover was shot at a private house in East Hollywood. The Paramount Pictures studio lot was the location of the scenes that involve Frosty Palace and the musical numbers "Greased Lightning" and "Beauty School Dropout". The drive-in movie scenes were shot at the Burbank Pickwick Drive-In (it was closed and torn down in 1989 and a shopping center took its place). The race was filmed at the Los Angeles River, between the First and Seventh Street Bridges, where many other films have been shot.[13] The final scene where the carnival took place used John Marshall High School.[14] Furthermore, owing to budget cuts, a short scene was filmed at Hazard Park in Los Angeles.

Post-production

Scenes inside the Frosty Palace contain obvious blurring of various Coca-Cola signs.[15] Prior to the film's release, producer Allan Carr had made a product-placement deal with Coca-Cola's main competitor Pepsi (for example, a Pepsi logo can be seen in the animated opening sequence). When Carr saw the footage of the scene with Coca-Cola products and signage, he ordered director Randal Kleiser to either reshoot the scene with Pepsi products or remove the Coca-Cola logos from the scene. As reshoots were deemed too expensive and time-consuming, optical mattes were used to cover up or blur out the Coca-Cola references. The 'blurring' covered up trademarked menu signage and a large wall poster, but a red cooler with the logo could not be sufficiently altered so was left unchanged. According to Kleiser, "We just had to hope that Pepsi wouldn't complain. They didn't."[16][17]

Due to an editing error, a closing scene in which Danny and Sandy kiss was removed from the finished print and lost before its theatrical release. The scene was preserved only in black-and-white; Kleiser attempted to have the existing footage colorized and restored to the film for the film's re-release in 1998 but was dissatisfied with the results. The scene is included as an extra on the 40th anniversary home video release, and Kleiser hopes to make another attempt at colorizing the footage that is effective enough for the footage to be inserted into the film as he originally intended by the time the film's 50th anniversary comes in 2028.[18]

Release and reception

Box office

Grease was originally released to North American theaters on June 16, 1978 and was an immediate box office success. In its opening weekend, the film grossed $8,941,717 in 862 theaters in the United States and Canada, ranking at No. 2 (behind Jaws 2) at the box office for the weekend[19] and with the all-time opening weekend records.[20] Despite losing the weekend, it set a record gross in its first 19 days with $40,272,000.[21]

In the United States and globally, it became the highest-grossing musical ever at the time, eclipsing the 13-year-old record held by The Sound of Music with a worldwide gross of $341 million.[3]

It was re-released in March 1998 for its 20th anniversary where it grossed a further $28 million in the United States and Canada.[1]

It remained the highest-grossing live-action musical until 2012 when it was overtaken by Les Miserables[22] and the US champion until 2017 when it was surpassed by Beauty and the Beast.[23] Grease is now the seventh-highest-grossing live-action musical worldwide.[22]

A further re-issue for its 40th anniversary in 2018 grossed $1 million.[1]

To date, Grease has grossed $189,969,103 domestically and $206.2 million internationally, totaling $396 million worldwide.[1]

Critical reception

Grease received mostly positive reviews from film critics[24] and is considered by many as one of the best films of 1978.[25][26][27][28]

The New York Times' Vincent Canby, on its initial release in June 1978, called the film "terrific fun", describing it as a "contemporary fantasy about a 1950s teen-age musicala larger, funnier, wittier and more imaginative-than-Hollywood movie with a life that is all its own"; Canby pointed out that the film was "somewhat in the manner of Close Encounters of the Third Kind, which recalls the science-fiction films of the '50s in a manner more elegant and more benign than anything that was ever made then, Grease is a multimillion-dollar evocation of the B-picture quickies that Sam Katzman used to turn out in the '50s (Don't Knock the Rock, 1956) and that American International carried to the sea in the 1960s (Beach Party, 1963)."[29] Gene Siskel gave the film three stars out of four, calling it "exciting only when John Travolta is on the screen" but still recommending it to viewers, adding, "Four of its musical numbers are genuine showstoppers that should bring applause."[30] Variety praised the "zesty choreography and very excellent new plus revived music", and thought Travolta and Newton-John "play together quite well."[31] Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Times was negative, writing, "I didn't see 'Grease' onstage, but on the testimony of this strident, cluttered, uninvolving and unattractive movie, it is the '50smaybe the last innocent decade allowed to usplayed back through a grotesquely distorting '70s consciousness."[32] Gary Arnold of The Washington Post also panned the film, writing, "Despite the obvious attempts to recall bits from Stanley Donen musicals or Elvis Presley musicals or Frankie-and-Annette musicals, the spirit is closer to the New Tastelessness exemplified by Ken Russell, minus Russell's slick visual style ... I've never seen an uglier large-scale musical."[33] David Ansen of Newsweek wrote, "Too often, 'Grease' is simply mediocre, full of broad high-school humor, flat dramatic scenes and lethargic pacing. Fortunately, there's nothing flat about John Travolta ... Travolta can't dominate this movie as he did 'Fever,' but when he's on screen you can't watch anyone else."[34]

Retrospective reviews have generally been positive. In a 1998 review, Roger Ebert gave the film 3 out of 4 stars, calling it "an average musical, pleasant and upbeat and plastic." He found John Travolta's Elvis Presley-inspired performance to be the highlight, but felt that Grease "sees the material as silly camp."[35] In 2018, Peter Bradshaw from The Guardian gave it 5 out of 5 stars, saying "It's still a sugar-rush of a film."[36]

Grease was voted the best musical ever on Channel 4's 100 greatest musicals in 2004.[37] The film holds a 75% approval rating on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, based on 71 reviews with an average rating of 6.7/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Grease is a pleasing, energetic musical with infectiously catchy songs and an ode to young love that never gets old."[38] It holds a score of 70/100 on the review aggregator Metacritic based on 15 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[24]

The film was also ranked number 21 on Entertainment Weekly's list of the 50 Best High School Movies.[39][40]

Home Entertainment

Grease was first released in the US on VHS by Paramount Home Video in 1979, 1982, 1989, 1992 and 1994; the last VHS release was on June 23, 1998 and titled the 20th Anniversary Edition following a theatrical re-release that March.

On September 24, 2002, it was released on DVD for the first time. On September 19, 2006, it was re-released on DVD as the Rockin' Rydell Edition, which came with a black Rydell High T-Bird jacket cover, a white Rydell "R" letterman's sweater cover or the Target-exclusive Pink Ladies cover. It was released on Blu-ray Disc on May 5, 2009.

On March 12, 2013, Grease and Grease 2 were packaged together in a double feature DVD set from Warner Home Video.

In connection with the film's 40th anniversary, Paramount released Grease on 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray, Blu-ray and DVD on April 24, 2018.[41]

Awards

.mw-parser-output .awards-table td:last-child{text-align:center} Year Nominee / work Award Result 1978 Grease Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated John Travolta Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated Olivia Newton-John Golden Globe Award for Best Actress Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Nominated "Grease" Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song Nominated "You're the One That I Want" Nominated 1979 CIC Golden Screen Award Won Stockard Channing People's Choice Award for Favorite Motion Picture Supporting Actress Won Grease People's Choice Award for Favorite Musical Motion Picture Won Grease People's Choice Award for Favorite Overall Motion Picture Won "Hopelessly Devoted to You" Academy Award for Best Original Song Nominated 2006 Grease Satellite Award for Best Classic DVD Nominated 2008 "You're the One That I Want" TV Land Award for Movie Dance Sequence You Reenacted in Your Living Room Nominated

American Film Institute Recognition

American Film Institute Lists
  • AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions: No. 97
  • AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs: No. 70 for "Summer Nights"
  • AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals: No. 20

Legacy

Sequel

The sequel, Grease 2 (1982), stars Maxwell Caulfield and Michelle Pfeiffer. Most of the adult characters reprised their roles, though the sequel focused on a younger class of greasers and thus most of the main characters from Grease did not appear. It was disowned by Jim Jacobs, who co-created the characters. Patricia Birch, the original film's choreographer, directed the sequel. It would be the only film that she would direct.

Sing-along version

On July 8, 2010, a sing-along version of Grease was released to select theaters around the U.S.[42] A trailer was released in May 2010, with cigarettes digitally removed from certain scenes, implying heavy editing; however, Paramount confirmed these changes were done only for the film's advertising,[43] and the rating for the film itself changed from its original PG to that of PG-13 for "sexual content including references, teen smoking and drinking, and language."[44] The film was shown for two weekends only; additional cities lobbied by fans from the Paramount official website started a week later and screened for one weekend.[45]

Prequel

In March 2019, it was announced that a prequel, titled Summer Loving, is currently in development from Paramount Players film studio. The project will be a joint-production collaboration with Temple Hill Productions and Picturestart Productions. John August signed on to serve as screenwriter.[46]

Soundtrack

Main article: Grease: The Original Soundtrack from the Motion Picture

The soundtrack album ended 1978 as the second-best-selling album of the year in the United States, exceeded only by another soundtrack album, from the film Saturday Night Fever, which also starred Travolta.[4] The song "Hopelessly Devoted to You" was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Music Original Song. The song "You're the One That I Want" was released as a single prior to the film's release and became an immediate chart-topper, despite not being in the stage show or having been seen in the film at that time.[47] Additionally, the dance number to "You're the One That I Want" was nominated for TV Land's award for "Movie Dance Sequence You Reenacted in Your Living Room" in 2008.[48] In the United Kingdom, the two Travolta/Newton-John duets, "You're the One That I Want" and "Summer Nights", were both number one hits and as of 2011 are still among the 20 best-selling singles of all time (at Nos. 6 and 19, respectively).[49] The film's title song was also a number-one hit single for Frankie Valli.[50]

The song "Look at Me, I'm Sandra Dee" refers to Sal Mineo in the original stage version. Mineo was stabbed to death a year before filming, so the line was changed to refer to Elvis Presley instead. The references to Troy Donohue, Doris Day, Rock Hudson and Annette Funicello are from the original stage version. Coincidentally, this scene as well as the scene before and the scene after it were filmed on August 16, 1977, the date of Elvis Presley's death.[51]

Some of the songs were not present in the film; songs that appear in the film but not in the soundtrack are "La Bamba" by Ritchie Valens, "Whole Lotta Shaking Going On" by Jerry Lee Lewis, "Alma Mater", "Alma Mater Parody", and "Rydell Fight Song". "Alone at a Drive-in Movie (instrumental)", "Mooning", and "Freddy My Love" are not present in the film, although all three are listed in the end credits in-addition to being on the soundtrack. (Both "Mooning" and "Rock'n'Roll Party Queen", the latter of which was played in the film as background music, were written in the musical for a character named Roger that was written out of the film, replaced by the non-singing Putzie. In general, all of the songs in the musical that were performed by characters other than Danny, Rizzo, Sandy, Johnny Casino, or the Teen Angel were either taken out of the film or given to other characters, including Marty Maraschino's number "Freddy My Love", Kenickie's "Greased Lightnin'", and Doody's "Those Magic Changes".) Two songs from the musical, "Shakin' at the High School Hop" and "All Choked Up", were left off both the film and the soundtrack.

The songs appear in the film in the following order:

"Love is a Many-Splendored Thing" "Grease" "Alma Mater" "Summer Nights" Danny, Sandy, Pink Ladies and T-Birds "Rydell Fight Song" Rydell Marching Band "Look at Me, I'm Sandra Dee" Rizzo and Pink Ladies "Hopelessly Devoted to You" Sandy "Greased Lightnin'" Danny and T-Birds "La Bamba" "It's Raining on Prom Night" "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On" "Beauty School Dropout" Teen Angel and Female Angels "Rock n' Roll Party Queen" "Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay" "Those Magic Changes" Johnny Casino and the Gamblers; Danny sings along onscreen "Tears on My Pillow" Johnny Casino and the Gamblers "Hound Dog" Johnny Casino and the Gamblers "Born to Hand Jive" Johnny Casino and the Gamblers "Blue Moon" Johnny Casino and the Gamblers "Sandy" Danny "There Are Worse Things I Could Do" Rizzo "Look at Me, I'm Sandra Dee (Reprise)" Sandy "Alma Mater Parody" (instrumental) "You're the One That I Want" Danny, Sandy, Pink Ladies, and T-Birds "We Go Together" Cast "Grease (Reprise)"

Television

Main articles: Somos tu y yo and Grease: Live

On August 17, 2009, a television series inspired by the film premiered in Venezuela. The series was produced and directed by Vladimir Perez. The show explores and expands on the characters and story from the film.[52][53]

On January 31, 2016, Fox aired a live television-adapted special of the musical, using components from both the 1978 film and the original Broadway show. Starring Julianne Hough, Aaron Tveit, and Vanessa Hudgens, the adaptation received positive reviews, especially towards Hudgens, whose father passed away hours before the live airing, and ten Emmy nominations.[54]

References

^ a b c d e Grease at Box Office Mojo ^ "Grease movie soundtrack earns its second #1 hit". History.com. Retrieved October 30, 2012..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em} ^ a b Hofler, Robert (2010). 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Archived from the original on May 30, 2011. (Subscription required.) . Print edition, May 28, 2011, p. A32 ^ a b Gliatto, Tom; and O'Neill Anne-Marie. "Grease Is the Word: Twenty Years Later, the Stars Are Still True to Their School", People, April 13, 1998. Accessed September 13, 2011. ^ Itzkoff, Dave (May 21, 2005). "The Afterlife of a Porn Star". New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC. Retrieved May 8, 2011. ^ Hofler, Robert (2010). Party Animals: A Hollywood Tale of Sex, Drugs, and Rock 'n' Roll Starring the Fabulous Allan Carr. Da Capo Press. p.66. ISBN0-306-81655-5. ^ "Film locations for Grease (1978)". Movie-locations.com. Retrieved October 30, 2012. ^ "Grease Filming Locations part 1". Seeing-stars.com. Retrieved October 9, 2011. ^ "Grease". Scenesteal.com. Archived from the original on March 9, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ "Stupid Question". Archives.stupidquestion.net. October 26, 2000. Archived from the original on November 30, 2007. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ "DVD Savant: GREASE and the Curse of Product Placement". Dvdtalk.com. August 18, 1998. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ Alexander, Bryan (May 21, 2018). "Danny and Sandy finally get their movie-ending 'Grease' kiss, 40 years after it was cut". USA Today. Retrieved May 23, 2018. ^ Week June 16-18, 1978 ^ "Weekend Records Through the Years". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 24, 2018. ^ "'Superman' adds more records to his collection". Daily Variety. January 3, 1979. p.1. ^ a b "Aladdin Is Actually The Second-Most Successful Musical Ever". Forbes. Retrieved June 19, 2019. ^ "Musical". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on July 6, 2019. Retrieved July 6, 2019. ^ a b "Grease Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ "Greatest Films of 1978". Filmsite.org. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ "The 10 Best Movies of 1978". Film.com. June 1, 2007. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ "Most Popular Feature Films Released in 1978". IMDb. Retrieved April 27, 2012. ^ "The Best Movies of 1978 by Rank". Films101. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ Canby, Vincent (June 16, 1978). "A Slick Version of 'Grease': Fantasy of the 50s". The New York Times. Retrieved December 20, 2010. ^ Siskel, Gene (June 16, 1978). "Travolta cuts through flaws in suburbanized 'Grease'". Chicago Tribune. Section 3, p. 1. ^ "Film Reviews: Grease". Variety. June 7, 1978. 28. ^ Champlin, Charles (June 16, 1978). "'50s as Seen Through 'Grease'". Chicago Tribune. Part IV, p. 30. ^ Arnold, Gary (June 17, 1978). "'Grease': Grin and Grimace". The Washington Post. B5. ^ Ansen, David (June 12, 1978). "Greasy Kid Stuff". Newsweek. 92. ^ "Grease movie review & film summary (1998)". RogerEbert.com. March 27, 1998. Retrieved January 31, 2020. ^ "Grease review - Travolta and Newton-John's summer lovin' still a blast". The Guardian. April 18, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2020. ^ "100 Greatest Musicals: Channel 4 Film". Channel4.com. Archived from the original on May 19, 2009. Retrieved March 29, 2017. ^ "Grease (1978)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved April 18, 2018. ^ "Entertainment Weekly's The 50 Best High School Movies". Filmsite.org. AMC Networks. Retrieved July 27, 2010. ^ "Entertainment Weekly's 50 Best High School Movies (25-1)". Amazon. Retrieved July 27, 2010. ^ "Grease: 40th Anniversary Edition - 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray Ultra HD Review | High Def Digest". ultrahd.highdefdigest.com. Retrieved May 4, 2018. ^ "Wanna Sing-A-Long with Grease? With Lyrics?!?". Screencrave.com. May 21, 2010. Archived from the original on May 22, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ "'Grease Sing-A-Long' trailer cuts cigarette from iconic scene: Smoking was not removed from the film itself, Ocala.com, June 4, 2010. ^ "Grease Sing-A-LongTrailers, Videos, and Reviews ComingSoon.net Movie Database". Comingsoon.net. July 8, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ "Grease Sing-A-Long (2010) | Trailer & Official Movie Site". Greasemovie.com. Retrieved August 16, 2010. ^ Kit, Borys (April 9, 2019). "'Grease' Prequel 'Summer Loving' in the Works With John August Writing (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 9, 2019. ^ VH1's "Behind the Music: Grease" ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0077631/awards ^ BBC Radio Top selling singles of all time ^ "Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved April 27, 2012. ^ Getlen, Larry (July 4, 2010). "Tales of Ancient 'Grease'". New York Post. Retrieved April 27, 2012. ^ "Venevision estrena 'Somos tu y yo, un nuevo dia, inspirada en Grease'". Archived from the original on June 22, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2016. ^ "De regreso a los anos 50 con el musical 'Grease'". ^ "About Grease: Live". Fox.

External links

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Grease (film)
  • Official Sing-A-Long Site
  • Grease on IMDb
  • Grease at the TCM Movie Database
  • Grease at AllMovie
  • Grease at Box Office Mojo
  • Grease at Rotten Tomatoes
  • Grease at Metacritic
  • Original 1978 Release Trailer on YouTube
  • Paramount Movies - Grease
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GreaseFilm adaptations
  • Grease
  • Grease 2
  • Grease: Live
Songs
  • "Grease"
  • "Summer Nights"
  • "Hopelessly Devoted to You"
  • "Greased Lightnin'"
  • "Beauty School Dropout"
  • "Sandy"
  • "You're the One That I Want"
  • "The Grease Megamix"
Recordings
  • Grease: The Original Soundtrack from the Motion Picture
  • Grease 2 soundtrack
  • Grease: The New Broadway Cast Recording
TV series
  • Grease: You're the One That I Want!
  • Grease Is the Word
  • Grease: The School Musical
Video games
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Other adaptations
  • Greased
  • "Glease"
    • Glee: The Music Presents Glease
  • v
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Films directed by Randal Kleiser
  • Peege (1973)
  • Dawn: Portrait of a Teenage Runaway (1976)
  • The Boy in the Plastic Bubble (1976)
  • The Gathering (1977)
  • Grease (1978)
  • The Blue Lagoon (1980)
  • Summer Lovers (1982)
  • Grandview, U.S.A. (1984)
  • Flight of the Navigator (1986)
  • Big Top Pee-wee (1988)
  • Getting It Right (1989)
  • White Fang (1991)
  • Honey, I Blew Up the Kid (1992)
  • It's My Party (1996)
  • Shadow of Doubt (1998)
  • Love Wrecked (2005)
  • Red Riding Hood (2006)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Grease_(film)&oldid=947068098" Pink Ladies
PinkladiesPinkladies

Pink Ladies' logo.

The Pink Ladies are a gang of girls that are dating the T-Birds and routinely hang out as a large group at the Frosty Palace. At their sleepovers they smoke and drink alcohol, even though underage. In the first film, they consist of Rizzo, Jan, Marty, and Frenchy. In the sequel, they consist of Sharon Cooper, Dolores Rebchuck, Paulette Rebchuck, Rhonda Ritter, and Stephanie Zinone.

Throughout the movie they can be seen sporting their Pink Ladies jackets.

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